Support both urban revitalization and farmland preservation and the curbing of urban sprawl. Support the role of the state in providing authority and incentives for local governments to plan regionally and to exercise innovative planning and regulatory techniques such as suggested in the full position. Support use of eminent domain as a last resort under conditions specified in the full position. Support an enforcement system for appeals or arbitration where conflicts exist.
(Adopted March 1977, May 1999; amended May 2003)
LWVO supports both urban revitalization and farmland preservation and the curbing of suburban sprawl.
The State of Ohio should provide authority and incentives for local governments to plan together regionally as well as to exercise innovative additional land use planning and regulatory techniques such as land banking, planned unit developments, purchase and transfer of development rights, limited development ordinances, scenic easements, agricultural districts, cluster development, conservation reserves and land trusts, urban enterprise zones, environmental impact assessments, impact fees, tax abatement, and zoning efforts.
There should be an enforcement system that includes a method of appeal or arbitration where conflicting land use needs exist.
Eminent domain shall be used by the appropriate governmental or “quasi” governmental body as a means of acquiring land for the following purposes, providing that good land use planning and decision- making procedures have been instituted and provided that such application is used only after all other methods of acquisition fail:
- highways and railroads;
- parks and open spaces;
- utility corridors;
- power siting;
- public developments (i.e., schools and hospitals);
- urban renewal;
- transportation terminals; and
- areas of critical concern such as fragile or historical lands.