History of the LWVCA
In February 1920, just six months before the U.S. Constitution was amended to give women the right to vote, the National American Woman Suffrage Association's president, Carrie Chapman Catt, proposed the creation of the League of Women Voters. The League's first purpose was to teach women how to exercise their new political rights and responsibilities.
After passage of the 19th Amendment, the League began as a collection of former suffrage organizations at the state and local levels. The League of Women Voters of the Cincinnati Area is one of the oldest Leagues in the country. The Woman Suffrage Committee of Greater Cincinnati met on September 21, 1920 and approved the motion "that the sense of this meeting be that we organize a League of Women Voters for Cincinnati and Hamilton County." On Friday, October 1, 1920 the first meeting of the executive committee of the League of Women Voters of Cincinnati was held.
For over 90 years the League has continued to serve all citizens and has opened its membership to any citizen of voting age, male or female. Today, the League of Women Voters is a three tier organization, with Leagues at the local, state and national levels. A member joining one of the 34 local Ohio Leagues is automatically a member of the League of Women Voters of Ohio (LWVO) and the League of Women Voters of the U.S. (LWVUS).
Interested in learning more about the contributions of our LWVCA Members? Check out our newsletter history articles, and more to come here...
National History of the League of Women Voters
In her address to the National American Woman Suffrage Association's (NAWSA) 50th convention in St. Louis, Missouri, President Carrie Chapman Catt proposed the creation of a "league of women voters to finish the fight and aid in the reconstruction of the nation." Women Voters was formed within the NAWSA, composed of the organizations in the states where suffrage had already been attained. The next year, on February 14, 1920 - six months before the 19th amendment to the Constitution was ratified - the League was formally organized in Chicago as the national League of Women Voters. Catt described the purpose of the new organization:
The League of Women Voters is not to dissolve any present organization but to unite all existing organizations of women who believe in its principles. It is not to lure women from partisanship but to combine them in an effort for legislation which will protect coming movements, which we cannot even foretell, from suffering the untoward conditions which have hindered for so long the coming of equal suffrage. Are the women of the United States big enough to see their opportunity?
Maud Wood Park became the first national president of the League and thus the first League leader to rise to the challenge. She had steered the women's suffrage amendment through Congress in the last two years before ratification and liked nothing better than legislative work. From the very beginning, however, it was apparent that the legislative goals of the League were not exclusively focused on women's issues and that citizen education aimed at all of the electorate was in order.
Since its inception, the League has helped millions of women and men become informed participants in government. In fact, the first league convention voted 69 separate items as statements of principle and recommendations for legislation. Among them were protection for women and children, right of working women, food supply and demand, social hygiene, the legal status of women, and American citizenship.The League's first major national legislative success was the passage of the Sheppard-Towner Act providing federal aid for maternal and child care programs. In the 1930's, League members worked successfully for enactment of the Social Security and Food and Drug Acts. Due at least in part to League efforts, legislation passed in 1938 and 1940 removed hundreds of federal jobs from the spoils system and placed them under Civil Service.
During the postwar period, the League helped lead the effort to establish the United Nations and to ensure U.S. Participation. The League was one of the first organizations in the country officially recognized by the United Nations as a non-governmental organization; it still maintains official observer status today.