COMMENTARY on the Suffrage Movement in America

COMMENTARY on the Suffrage Movement in America

Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B Anthony and Sojourner Truth picture

She Is Me | MORE COMMENTARY

She Is Me and Other Thoughts

History of the suffrage movement in America did not always give the WHOLE STORY; it either minimized or left out entirely the efforts of African American and other women of color who were involved.  Although the suffrage movement grew out of the Abolitionist movement in the 1840s with Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B Anthony in common cause with with Sojourner Truth (all pictured above), that coalition began to fray after the Civil War and after African American men got the right to vote with passage of the 15th Amendment. As the fight for the woman's vote renewed in earnest in the 1870s, many African American women's achievements were not included in the march toward 1920.

So, as we approach the Centennial of women getting the right to vote, we want to bring out all of the stories of the suffrage movement in America, including the founding of the League of Women Voters in 1920.  On this page are League, newspaper and other commentary from various media that highlight the struggles of African American Women to be included and recognized in the movement.  The Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery in D.C. has dedicated an entire exhibit to these women who were mostly left out of the story.   See the Centennial page for info on that exhibit entitled "Votes for Women: A Portrait of Persistence". 

Also, the National Archives presented a panel discussion on African American Women in the Suffrage Movement and the Battle for the Vote on September 12,  in the William G. McGowan Theater of the National Archives as part of the "Rightfully Hers" exhibit (See the Centennial page for info on that exhibit). 

Several media outlets have created continuing columns on the effect of racism in the suffrage movement.  Some of those stories are below and we will add others as we see them.  (See articles from The Atlantic, New York Times, The Washington Post and others)The Atlantic is asking for people to submit suffrage stories to them at: family@theatlantic.com .

In 2019 especially, these themes are being emphasized both by the League and others to highight the untold stories of the women of color who were fighting for the vote, too.  This reckoning has caused the LWVUS to pass the Policy on Diversity, Equity and Inclusion (DEI) which encourages us to reach out to ALL people to become part of the League, regardless of age, gender, gender identity, ethnicity or country of origin, among others.  In this effort, the League recognizes that, even in its formation and in succeeding years, the League did not include women who did not look like its white founders.  Embracing and acknowleging the mistakes of our past is part of moving toward becoming an intentionally inclusive organization that works to improve democracy for everyone.

LWV She Is Me Campaign 2019 picture of diverse women

In keeping with that theme, LWV has initiated the #SheIsMe campaign as part of the LWV Centennial Celebration.  You can see how this all ties together in LWV CEO Virginia Kase's article published on Women's Equality Day, August 26, 2019:

Today we celebrate 99 years since women won the right to vote through the adoption of the 19th Amendment. Women’s Equality Day was created on this anniversary to raise awareness about the importance of gender equality and recognize the sacrifices made by the suffragists.
 
As we kick off the centennial year of women winning the right to vote, we mustn’t romanticize the story of the 19th Amendment. The truth is, progress towards a more perfect democracy is often messy, and the 19th Amendment did not break down voting barriers for all women—and even today, there is more work to be done.
 
We at the League are honoring Women's Equality Day by bridging the gap between our legacy and our destiny with She Is Me, a League-wide celebration of voting reformers from various backgrounds and experiences. Together, our collective efforts can create a more perfect democracy.
 
She Is Me Campaign A Century of Women Voting
 
So, as we celebrate the great achievement of the 19th Amendment, we should do so with the recognition that women’s suffrage was not perfect. Let us use the lessons of our history to inform our present and our future. Let us seek out ways to ensure all eligible voters have their voices heard and their votes counted. 
As we mark this historic anniversary, keep in mind how valuable our right to vote remains. Today we're reminded of how far we have come and how far we still must travel for true equality.  
Virginia Kase
CEO
 
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MORE COMMENTARY 

  • From LEAGUE UPDATE, June 6, 2019:  Racism's Role in Delaying Women's Suffrage This week (June 3-4, 2019) marks 100 years since Congress approved the 19th Amendment. (It wouldn't be ratified by the states until 1920.) This June 3rd a Washington Post op-ed entitled, "What took so long for women to win the right to vote?"   Racism is one reason, explains how racism was one reason for the hold-up.

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  • June 4, 2019, From THE ATLANTIC: The `Undesirable Militants' Behind the Nineteenth Amendment, By Adrienne LaFrance, June 4, 2019, A century after women won the right to vote, The Atlantic reflects on the grueling fight for suffrage--and what came after. Read here

Women's Suffrage Stories Requested
The Atlantic is looking for stories about women who lived through the fight for women's suffrage. Do you have stories from your mother, grandmother, great-grandmother, or someone else close to you? Tell them at family@theatlantic.com.
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  • April 23, 2019 Washington Post, Made by History  | Perspective  By Susan Ware

It’s time to return black women to the center of the history of women’s suffrage 

Erased by white suffragists, black women’s work was vital to the fight for women’s rights.

By Susan Ware 
Susan Ware is Honorary Women’s Suffrage Centennial Historian at Harvard’s Schlesinger Library and author of "Why They Marched: Untold Stories of the Women Who Fought for the Right to Vote."

April 23, 2019 at 6:00 a.m. EDT

One hundred years ago, just as Carrie Chapman Catt was masterminding the final steps in the arduous process of ratifying the 19th Amendment, she bought a farm in Westchester County called Juniper Ledge. There she commissioned a set of 12 metal tree plaques to memorialize the giants of the suffrage movement, including Elizabeth Cady Stanton “the fearless defender of her sex,” Frances Willard “the woman of widest vision” and Susan B. Anthony “who led the way.”

Suffragists had a deep sense of history. In many ways they were our first women’s historians: taking a walk in the woods with Catt was like taking a course in suffrage history. But the story she offered at Juniper Ledge hints at why commemorating the upcoming centennial of women’s suffrage will be so fraught.

Consistent with the deep-seated prejudices held by most white suffragists, Catt included no plaques to commemorate the thousands of African American women who actively participated in the struggle. Regional chauvinism was an issue as well: All the domestic suffragists were from the East Coast, with New York State vastly overrepresented. There was no one from California or the West, nor anyone from the South, unless you counted the Grimké sisters who left their native South Carolina to settle in Philadelphia and later New Jersey.

https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2019/04/23/its-time-return-black-... 

 

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Compiled by Sherry Zachry, LWVNCA Webmaster